Khosrove Reserve

 

THE KHOSROV RESERVE
As far back as the 4th century, approximately 1700 years ago, the Armenian King Khosrov Kotak II declared the southern slopes of the Geghama mountains a reserve. He “planted a forest” here and a made it a hunting-ground for the palace.
Over the centuries the Khosrov Reserve has been mentioned in the history of Armenia as a hunting-ground for the nobility and many thoroughbred animals were brought and bred in the Reserve from various regions, especially Persia.
In 1958 the Khosrov forest was officially declared a reserve. The Khosrov Forest Reserve is situated south-east of Yerevan, at the southern foot of the Geghama volcanic mountain, on the north-western slopes of the Urts and Yeranos mountain ranges, in the basins of the Azat and Vedi rivers. The Reserve is situated 1400-2250 meters above sea-level, and extends over an area of 29196 hectares, 9000 of which are covered with forests.
The reserve has rich flora. Within its borders grow more than 1800 kinds of plants (which constitutes more than 50% of the Armenian flora) and 146 species are
included in the Red Book.
Fauna of the reserve is also rich. 142 types of birds are represented here 66 of which are registered in the Red Book, including Egyptian, Black and Griffon Vultures, Lammergeier, Golden and Lesser Spotted Eagles and Northern Goshawk. Invertebrate animals and in particular insects are presented by unique diversity of specific composition. There are amphibians, 7 types of fish, and over 30 reptiles living there such as the Levantine vipar, Montpellier snake, dotted dwarf and collared dwarp snake, Pleskes racerunner, five-streaked and three-lined lizards, golden grass and Snaider’s skinks, eastern spadefoot and others. In the Khosrov Reserve 55 kinds of mammals, 18 of which are registered in the Armenian Red Book, including the Primary – Asian leopard, the Bezoarian goat, wild sheep ( the Armenian mouflon), the Transcaucasian gray bear, the lynx, and many others.
The Khosrov Reserve includes numerous natural attractions: the huge “rock organ”, mysterio us caves, shady canyons and alpine meadows, ancient oaks and unique flowers.
Numerous historical monuments, cave dwellings, and early medieval monasteries, khachkars (cross-stones), churches and fortresses have been preserved here: Geghard monastery complex, Garni temple, the medieval bridge across the Azat river, etc.
Two more reserves are located in Kotayk Marz;
The Arzakan and Meghradzor Reserve was developed in 1971. It occupies an area of 14500 hectares and is located in the basin of the Daralik and the Marmarik rivers. Roedeer, grey bear, and other wood animals are preserved here. In the forests of the Arzakan reserve one may encounter rare relict types of animals that are registered in the Red Book.  The Hanqavan Reserve was established in 1981, occupies 3400 hectares of land and is located in the upper stream of the Marmarik river, on the slopes of the Tsaghkunyats mountain range. Here preserved are the basins of mineral water nourishment. 

THE KHOSROV RESERVE

THE KHOSROV RESERVE.jpgAs far back as the 4th century, approximately 1700 years ago, the Armenian King Khosrov Kotak II declared the southern slopes of the Geghama mountains a reserve. He “planted a forest” here and a made it a hunting-ground for the palace.Over the centuries the Khosrov Reserve has been mentioned in the history of Armenia as a hunting-ground for the nobility and many thoroughbred animals were brought and bred in the Reserve from various regions, especially Persia.In 1958 the Khosrov forest was officially declared a reserve. The Khosrov Forest Reserve is situated south-east of Yerevan, at the southern foot of the Geghama volcanic mountain, on the north-western slopes of the Urts and Yeranos mountain ranges, in the basins of the Azat and Vedi rivers. The Reserve is situated 1400-2250 meters above sea-level, and extends over an area of 29196 hectares, 9000 of which are covered with forests.The reserve has rich flora. Within its borders grow more than 1800 kinds of plants (which constitutes more than 50% of the Armenian flora) and 146 species areincluded in the Red Book.Fauna of the reserve is also rich. 142 types of birds are represented here 66 of which are registered in the Red Book, including Egyptian, Black and Griffon Vultures, Lammergeier, Golden and Lesser Spotted Eagles and Northern Goshawk. Invertebrate animals and in particular insects are presented by unique diversity of specific composition.

There are amphibians, 7 types of fish, and over 30 reptiles living there such as the Levantine vipar, Montpellier snake, dotted dwarf and collared dwarp snake, Pleskes racerunner, five-streaked and three-lined lizards, golden grass and Snaider’s skinks, eastern spadefoot and others.THE KHOSROV RESERVE1.jpg

In the Khosrov Reserve 55 kinds of mammals, 18 of which are registered in the Armenian Red Book, including the Primary – Asian leopard, the Bezoarian goat, wild sheep ( the Armenian mouflon), the Transcaucasian gray bear, the lynx, and many others.The Khosrov Reserve includes numerous natural attractions: the huge “rock organ”, mysterio us caves, shady canyons and alpine meadows, ancient oaks and unique flowers.Numerous historical monuments, cave dwellings, and early medieval monasteries, khachkars (cross-stones), churches and fortresses have been preserved here: Geghard monastery complex, Garni temple, the medieval bridge across the Azat river, etc.Two more reserves are located in Kotayk Marz;

The Arzakan and Meghradzor Reserve was developed in 1971. It occupies an area of 14500 hectares and is located in the basin of the Daralik and the Marmarik rivers. Roedeer, grey bear, and other wood animals are preserved here. In the forests of the Arzakan reserve one may encounter rare relict types of animals that are registered in the Red Book.  The Hanqavan Reserve was established in 1981, occupies 3400 hectares of land and is located in the upper stream of the Marmarik river, on the slopes of the Tsaghkunyats mountain range. Here preserved are the basins of mineral water nourishment.

 



Khosrov reserve.jpg

Khosrove reserve

 Aghjots vanq.jpg

Aghjots church 13s

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Aghjots church13s